The Week in Breach 30/07/18 – 03/08/18

By September 10, 2018Insights

Aliva’s Cyber Aware Security Services saw a new partnership with ID Agent, provider of Dark Web monitoring and identity theft protection solutions. With Dark Web ID™, Aliva offers around the clock monitoring and alerting for increasingly compromised digital credentials, scouring millions of sources, including botnets, criminal chat rooms, peer-to-peer networks, malicious websites, bulletin boards and illegal black-market sites. Below is a snapshot of this week’s breaches that have taken place worldwide:

“We can tell you and monitor them safely!”

The Week in Breach 30/07/18 – 03/08/18

This week contains the high-profile breach of Reddit, healthcare and education sectors and an exploration of a Dark Web hacking forum.

United States – Reddit
Exploit: SMS intercept.
Risk to Small Business: High: Could have damaging effects on the trust of clients, as well as highlighting the vulnerabilities of SMS 2FA.
Individual Risk: Moderate: The nature of the data is not particularly harmful due to the age and the scope but affected users could be at risk for spam.
Reddit: Extremely popular forum, one of the 5 most popular sites on the internet.
Date Occurred/Discovered: June 14 – 18, 2018
Date Disclosed: August 1, 2018
Data Compromised:
• Old Reddit user data (before May 2007)
• Usernames
• Salted hashed passwords
• Email addresses
• Public content
• Private messages
• Email digests
Customers Impacted: Users with accounts made before 2007, subscribers to email digests between June 3 and June 17, 2018.

We had a security incident. Here’s what you need to know. from announcements

United States – UnityPoint Health
Exploit: Phishing.
Risk to Small Business: High: A huge breach of customer trust, also this organization will be fined heavily because medical data was breached.
Individual Risk: High: The content breached is valuable on the Dark Web and is vital in identity theft.
UnityPoint Health: Multi hospital group operating in Iowa, Illinois and Wisconsin.
Date Occurred/Discovered: March 14 – April 3, 2018
Date Disclosed: July 31, 2018
Data Compromised:
• Protected health information
• Names
• Addresses
• Medical data
• Treatment information
• Lab results
• Insurance information
• Payment cards
• Social Security Number
Customers Impacted: 1.4 Million.
https://www.healthcareitnews.com/news/14-million-patient-records-breached-unitypoint-health-phishing-attack

New Zealand – Hāwera High School
Exploit: Phishing.
Risk to Small Business: High: Ransomware attacks can be very disruptive.
Individual Risk: High: Students could lose files stored locally on computers. High risk of identity theft if PII is stored.
Hāwera High School: A New Zealand High School.
Date Occurred/Discovered: August 2018
Date Disclosed: August 2, 2018
Data Compromised:
• Local files stored on school computers
• Customers Impacted: Students at the school.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2018/08/02/new_zealand_school_hit_by_ransomware_scum/

India – CreditMate.in
Exploit: Exposed database.
Risk to Small Business: High: The exposed database was found during a routine google search, this kind of breach would seriously damage an organizations image.
Individual Risk: High: Data key for identity theft were exposed in this breach.
CreditMate: Helps customers obtain loans to purchase motorbikes.
Date Occurred/Discovered: July 27, 2018
Date Disclosed: August 2, 2018
Data Compromised:
• Member reference number
• Enquiry number
• Enquiry purpose
• Amount of loan being sought
• Full name
• Date of birth
• Gender
• Income tax ID number
• Passport
• Driver’s license
• Universal ID number
• Telephone number
• Email address
• Employment information
• Employment income
• CIBIL credit score
• Residential address
• Payment history of other loans/credit cards
• Customers Impacted: 19,000.

https://www.databreaches.net/exclusive-creditmate-in-developers-goof-left-19000-consumers-credit-reports-unsecured/

United States – Yale University
Exploit: Unclear.
Risk to Small Business: High: Highly sensitive personal information was leaked which would damage consumer trust.
Individual Risk: High: The data accessed would be highly useful for bad actors looking to steal someone’s identity.
Yale University: A prestigious American University.
Date Occurred/Discovered: April 2008 – January 2009
Date Disclosed: June 2018
Data Compromised:
• Social security numbers
• Dates of birth
• Email addresses
• Physical addresses
• Customers Impacted: 119,000
https://www.zdnet.com/article/yale-discloses-old-school-data-breach/

With the breach of Reddit being disclosed this week, it’s key to remember the importance of robust cybersecurity, given that the hacker of the site was able to bypass 2FA. The actor was able to do this by using a method called ‘SMS intercept’ which is when the hacker is able to receive the text that contains the code for authentication. One way this is done is by SIM-swap, which is when the attacker convinces the phone provider that he is the target and applies their service to a new SIM card. Another method of attack is when bad actor impersonates the target and tricks the phone provider into transferring the target’s number to a new provider where the attacker is then able to access any 2FA codes coming into the phone. A more secure alternative to SMS 2FA is app-based authentication through organizations such as Duo, which is not subject to the same vectors of attack. Stay vigilant out there, because SMS-intercept attacks are going to become more and more prevalent as they have been shown to be successful, and publicly too considering Reddit is one of the most popular sites on the internet.
Guest Blog By, Kevin Lancaster CEO – ID Agent

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